The consumption of gasoline is the amount of fuel,expended by the car. This characteristic of the motor of the car is currently one of the most important. And for decades now the leading engineers of the planet have solved the problem of reducing gasoline consumption.
The consumption of gasoline can be measured by calculating thethe amount of fuel that the machine spends when passing a certain distance. Now in countries where the metric system of measures is applied, the consumption is measured in liters for every hundred kilometers. The smaller the value, the more economical the car.
In South Korea, Japan and India, the economy is measured in kilometer per liter. At the same time, the higher the value, the more economical the car.
For more accurate calculations engineers have identified several special cycles:
1.The urban cycle, characterized by high traffic, the need for overheating, the operation of the motor during a stop in traffic jams and traffic lights, as well as a sharp drop and speed set. As a result of this work, a large consumption of gasoline is observed.
3. The mixed cycle is something average.
The consumption of gasoline is affected by a large numberfactors. The main reasons for the increase in consumption are: malfunctioning of the engine or its systems, acceleration of the car, incomplete combustion of gasoline, "aggressive" driving style, increased resistance to movement (load of the car, open windows, jammed brakes, transmission faults).
The good condition of the car, the choice of the most optimal driving mode, the driver's experience is the guarantee of optimal fuel use.
Fuel consumption is also affected by other less important factors: aerodynamics, curb weight, gear ratios.
All transport companies establish their ownmaximum permissible levels of fuel consumption when using vehicles. There are basic and calculated-normative levels of consumption. The base is determined by the standard scheme and sets the fuel consumption rate under normal conditions. Settlement and regulatory establishes certain operating conditions, as well as some other factors.
The rates of gasoline consumption may increase when:
- work in the cold season in the northern and southern regions of Russia, as well as in the Far North;
- when working on highways with a complex plan;
- when riding in a mountainous area;
- when carrying dangerous or bulky goods;
- with a training ride;
- when the air conditioner is operating;
- when driving in the city (depending on how dense the flow);
- when working in difficult conditions (floods, snow, ice);
- When driving a new car or a car after a major overhaul.
The consumption of gasoline is one of the most important characteristics of the engine of each car. It is over its improvement that work is being done in many countries of the world.