Each of us knows that the vehicle is notcan do without tires. However, not everyone thinks about where the worn tires go. There are two ways: either the tire is sent to a landfill and thereby pollutes the environment, or goes for processing. It can be said with certainty that rubber is a dangerous contaminant, therefore, it is always trying to dispose of it. For this simple reason, there are all the prerequisites for creating your own small factory, where tire recycling will be carried out.
What Everyone Should Know
Annually the number of cars on the roadsincreases by about 5-10%. On this basis, the volume of worn-out rubber increases by about 1 million tons. In many countries the issue of recycling is very acute. Part of this problem can be solved if you set up your own small production. You have several options for business development. For example, it can be the recycling of automobile tires in mazut or crumb. If you want to receive fuel, you will have to spend a little more money, because the technology line is quite serious. Pay attention also to the fact that you can work not only with tires, but also with plastic products, which will slightly increase the profitability of the enterprise. This business has several undeniable advantages, now we will consider each of them.
First, you do not need to pour in a lotmeans to purchase raw materials. Due to the fact that worn out rubber is thrown out. Local authorities, if they, of course, worry about the ecology of their city, they will deliver everything to you. But this is not all, as the municipality is willing to pay for the fact that your company will be processing tires. Agree, to get almost free raw materials, and even have a profit from the fact that you are doing this business, not bad at all. Of course, this does not stop there, since our main goal is not only to save the ecology, but also to get a net profit. The fixed assets will come from the sale of the same fuel oil, which is an extremely demanded type of fuel in agriculture. By the way, free raw materials you can get and on the points of tire fitting, which in large cities is more than enough. The whole point is that employees of the SRT, etc., pay additional funds for the removal of old tires and their disposal.
Rubber tires processing: "for" and "against"
We can not say a few words about the fact thatthis niche is not yet fully completed. The number of entrepreneurs in this area is relatively small, about 20% of the optimal indicator. Here it is meant that only one-fifth of the worn-out rubber is recycled and recycled, everything else goes to the dump. You should understand that 1,000 kilograms of burned tires are 450 kilograms of various toxic gases, as well as 250-270 kilograms of soot. But if this amount of rubber is properly disposed of, then about 700 kilograms of high-grade rubber can be obtained from mining, which can be used for making fuel and rubber products. It hardly makes sense to talk about the industrial scale of the enterprise, but here is a small plant for processing tires to establish very even possible.
In fact, there is nothing complicated, butIt is necessary to control the process at all stages of production. In the beginning, you will have to collect tires. Next, you must take them to the warehouse of your company for further processing. In order not to damage the scissors, which, incidentally, are not cheap, it is necessary to inspect all the raw materials for the presence of metal objects, for example, disks or rings. As for the cutting tool, ideally it should be scissors on hydraulics, but this is not necessary, we'll talk about this a little later. Further shredded rubber is sent to the reactor - a special tire recycling plant, which operates at a given temperature, most often 450 degrees Celsius. Decomposition leads to the fact that we get several semi-finished products, for example gas, metal cord, fuel fraction.
The same gas is used to maintain combustion infurnace as a side fuel. Its waste is released into the environment. It can not be called a good solution, but the ejection resembles the waste gases of a truck. As for the remaining mass, it passes through the magnetic separator, in simple words, it is sieved through a sieve. Metal elements are screened out and sent to the warehouse. Fuel oil is transported by conveyor to tanks in which fuel will be stored before shipment. It should be noted that the installation for processing tires, which allows you to get pyrolysis fuel, is quite expensive - about 2 million rubles. Its productivity is about 5 thousand tons of raw materials per day, which is quite a lot.
And here's another interesting enough idea,which has not received the proper distribution to date. The essence of this business is that you will sell crushed and processed rubber, which can be used for different purposes. In order to understand approximately what you are talking about, it is necessary to bring the total figures in figures. So, a ton of rubber chips on the Russian market will cost no more than 20,000 rubles. As for the main consumers, these are construction companies, manufacturers of rubber products, roofing materials, coatings for construction and sports tools, etc. In principle, the point of sale is easy to find.
It is necessary to take into account also the fact thateach year about 700-800 thousand tons of worn tires are thrown out. Approximately 20-25% should be disposed of in a manner, all the rest is either simply lying on landfills or burned. Thus, the processing of tires in crumb can bring 5-8 billion, but this is already an industrial scale. If you are at your factory to do just such a recycling, then you will need a mechanical crusher. Cutting tools will have to be changed very often, which leads to high costs. Another disadvantage of this idea is that it consumes a lot of electricity, about 500 kilowatts per ton of finished products. Nevertheless, the recycling of auto-tires in this way will be beneficial. But only if you receive appropriate support from the state.
Equipment for the processing of tires
Separately, we need to talk about what will beconsist of our technological line. In principle, the equipment is not so much, and it is not difficult at all. Nevertheless, the price "bites". The main unit is a plant for processing tires (reactor), 10 meters high, 3.5 meters wide, 5 meters long. Install this unit only in an open area, that is, in the open air. You, as a future entrepreneur, should understand that you have to pay quite a lot of money for electricity. The reactor itself consumes about 6 kW per hour. In addition, there are also scissors - 7-8 kW / h. In principle, this is practically all equipment that is necessary to start production. What else is needed is several crucibles to unload the material.
As noted above, the reactor hasproductivity of about 5 tons per day. But of this mass, approximately 40% will be liquid fuel. The fact is that as a result of the decomposition, you will get gas (about a ton) and somewhere 0.5 tons of metal cord. Do not forget about the solid residue (carbon-containing materials), this is about 30% of the total output. It is worthwhile to draw your attention to the fact that the processing of old tires in the reactor is carried out in a continuous mode. All that is required of you is to add tires. Combustion is maintained by the gas produced inside the furnace. The reactor should be serviced by two specially trained specialists. In principle, training courses can be completed quickly enough. And now let's go further and consider a few more important points.
How much money do I need to start?
This is one of the main aspects that interestsabsolutely all beginners. There are no big expenses here. If you are going to buy used equipment (reactor, scissors), you can save up to 20% of the total. It is worth to go to such a step or not, it's up to you. There is no guarantee that the used reactor will not fail after the first melting. In this case, no one will compensate you. On all about everything you need one million rubles. This includes the cost of the reactor with a capacity of 5 tons / day, as well as scissors. In addition, you will need to purchase several tanks (60 tons). If these are used containers, then for a thing you will have to give somewhere 25 000 rubles. How many pieces you need, think for yourself, but do not limit yourself to one or two cisterns. The fact is that the processing of tires into fuel is a seasonal business.
In a period of decline in fuel prices, it is better not tosell, but only accumulate. When the period of increase comes, and this happens necessarily, you can get a good income by selling all fuel oil at once. Such tactics are effective and considered to be quite effective. But this does not mean that you should completely freeze sales, it is enough to reduce them by 50-75%. You still have to pay employees. Four specialists will cost about 60 000 rubles a month, and the tool and overalls - another 50 thousand. There are also regular monthly costs: electricity, taxes, rent, etc.
About incomes of the enterprise
As you can see, the processing technologytires fairly simple. There are no additives to fuel, complex chemical reactions and other moments. Moreover, as noted above, raw materials are completely free. Sometimes even on the collection of tires you can earn some money that will pay off the monthly electricity costs. If you live in the outback, then you are unlikely to be paid for recycling, but in big cities the situation is quite different. There are many industrial enterprises that pay good money for the disposal of rubber. This is due to the fact that many urban landfills refuse to accept such wastes. For processing tons of tires, you can get a different amount, from 2 to 5 thousand rubles.
Problems when starting a business
It so happens that it simply does not work outfind a free piece of land. This is due to the fact that it is necessary to observe a safe distance to residential buildings, which is 300 meters. The farther the plant from the city, the more costs for the delivery of raw materials, you do not need to forget about it. Remember, too, that not everyone wants to have tires under their windows. Reviews of ordinary residents will be negative, even if the reactor will stand at a distance of 400 meters from residential quarters. For this simple reason, look for a place on the production site. Most likely, you will find it, as quite a few sites are empty. All that is needed from you is to negotiate directly with the enterprise, as a rule, it's not so difficult. At least, much easier than signing a contract with firefighters and sanitary epidemiological station.
Do not forget that you need a license forrecycling of garbage. Obtaining an authorization document is easy, since the tires are classified as non-hazardous materials (group 4). But the snag is that your production is officially polluting the atmosphere. Most likely, you will be asked (forcibly) to buy a cleaning plant. Its price is usually several times the entire plant. But there are several ways that will help you delay the purchase for a certain time. Experts say that it is inappropriate to open an enterprise for the processing of any one material. So it or not, decide for yourself. In any case, you can always expand your shop and smelt there glass, plastic or metal. According to statistics, 75% of entrepreneurs face environmentalists who are wary of this kind of production.
A few important details
As noted a little bit earlier, you will come acrossthe fact that in your business plan there will be an item "unforeseen expenses". This is due to the fact that it will be necessary to resolve issues with environmentalists and firefighters. For example, for storage of fuel oil in new tanks only a protective shield is needed, but second-hand tanks require additional protection. There are also special highways for fuel and gas, and instructions for personnel on fire safety, and much more. In any scenario, you need to have a reserve in your budget of several hundred thousand rubles. It will save you from many troubles. The items of expenditure are quite large, but we have already considered them, and you probably know what you will be dealing with.
Do not forget that you as a leadershould not only observe how your employees work, but also perform a number of other equally important tasks. Among them are: constant development and growth of the enterprise boundaries, accounting and tax accounting, as well as adjustment of goals and plans for the near future. This article did not mention one important point - advertising your product. There are several options. One of them is to create your own thematic site where you can offer fuel oil, etc. Nobody canceled ads on poles, stops and stands. Until now it is a good and effective method to make a loud statement. In addition, for a nominal fee you can rent a billboard and place your advertising there. By the way, do it with the mind. It is important not to overload the extra information, but also to attract the attention of the potential audience.
So we talked to you about what isrecycling tires and how to open such a business. As you can see, everything is quite simple, but there are a lot of important points. Sometimes it happens that it is difficult to find a supplier, or the latter refuses to just give away old tires and requires money for them. In principle, you can find another, more acceptable enterprise, where you will be glad to get rid of excess garbage, moreover, money will be given to you on the way. Sometimes it makes sense to conclude a full-fledged long-term supply contract. So you can exclude downtime of your business and increase revenue. But all these moments must be negotiated directly with the supplier. Remember that it is much more difficult to find a point of sale of tires than a businessman who is ready to buy this garbage. This is due to the fact that in some cities of reactors there are no tires at all.
If you get a good fuel oil, thenaim at urban or private boiler rooms. There you will be pleased to acquire fuel, which is vital for heating water. If you are going to receive rubber chips, you will need a machine worth about 500,000 rubles. The cost of electricity per 1 ton of production is 90 kW. The disadvantage of this approach is that a group of knives (40 pieces) wear out after processing hundreds of tires, so they often need to be changed. In principle, for a single knife you only need to give 30 rubles, which is relatively small. So, the unit with a productivity of 20 tires per hour pays off in about six months. The results are the same as for the production of fuel oil. But in the first case, there are fewer problems with environmentalists and firefighters, since we are not dealing with wastes to the atmosphere, or with liquid fuels. Well, in principle, and all on this topic. The most difficult thing is to start, and then it will be much easier.