Every soul is happy with the holiday. So says one of the most famous Russian proverbs! And really, let's see with what trembling, with what respect and reverence the Russian people treat holidays. With what scope and breadth of soul celebrate national holidays Russians.
Do you know all the state holidays in Russia? In this article I will give you a list of state and national Russian holidays.
1st of January. Initially, since the introduction of the Christian religion, the chronology began from March or from the day of the Easter holiday. In 1942 under the reign of John III the chronology began to count from the 1st of September. In December 1699, the tsarist deacon announced to people what the tsar wished as a sign of the beginning of the new 100th anniversary after the prayer service and thanksgiving to God, that all the people adorn the large thoroughfares, houses of noble persons with pine and spruce trees until January 1. And that the decorations remained in their places until January 7. And January 1 should be considered the very beginning of the New Year.
New Year's customs took root among the people quite quickly, with the passage of time only new ones were added.
Jan. 7. Nativity. The most important holiday for every Orthodox Christian, if we consider public holidays in Russia.
This celebration is celebrated on the January night from the 6thon the 7th. Until 1918, the feast was considered more important than the New Year. But under the power of the Soviets, the state holidays of Russia changed places in importance. The Soviet Union at that time became the only state in which the New Year in the country absorbed the attributes of the Nativity of Christ, while remaining a national holiday.
In recent years of Russian history, more and more people are visiting churches and temples on January 7, recalling the religious meaning of the holiday.
February 23. Day of military glory of the Russian Federation or Day of the Defender of Fatherland. On this day it is customary to express congratulations to the entire male half of the country. But initially the state holidays of Russia did not include all men in their ranks, and February 23 was the birthday of the Soviet Red Army, otherwise - the birthday of the Navy.
March 8. International day of the whole beautiful half of humanity. National holidays of Russia include this day since 1914.
1st of May. Spring holiday of labor. It was first marked in Russia in 1890.
9th May. Victory Day. The holiday is dedicated to the victory of the Soviet people over fascist Germany and the German invaders in the Great Patriotic War. On this day in Russia, there are numerous parades, the main of which is the parade on Red Square in Moscow. Honored and expressing their gratitude to the veterans and participants of the fighting since 1943.
June 12 is the day of Russia. On this day, the country adopted the Declaration on the Independence of the Russian Federation, on its sovereignty. Until 2002, the holiday was called the "Independence Day". It is one of the freshest or the youngest national commemorative days. In 1994 Yeltsin BN included in the number of state holidays on June 12, and a little later in 2001, Putin VV renames the holiday on the occasion of the adoption of the declaration, explaining that this important document starts counting the new history of Russia.
4 November. Day of military glory of the Russian Federation. Day of Unity of the Russian people. The holiday is dedicated to such an event as the liberation of Moscow in 1812 from the Polish interventionists.
The list of national holidays is much larger than the list of national holidays, in addition to significant dates for the history of the country, it also contains others.
In general, public holidays in Russia are veryare important for every resident of the country, absolutely everyone invests in a certain holiday their meaning and attaches importance. While the history of Russia is alive, the country itself and its people are alive!