Breeding pigeons is an interesting hobby. Purebred birds are pretty expensive to buy, but fans do not stop it. Particularly much attention is attracted to pigeons turmans. This is a special group of birds that can boast of a beautiful flight. It is possible that you have seen them many times already, but have not heard such a name. Often they are called perevrytyshami or somersaulting pigeons. In Europe they are known as roller skaters. Why do pigeon turmans are called somersaulting? Because in the air, they do amazing tricks: they circled in the air and made their way through the wing.
There is no reason to keep them alone. Only in a flock of birds can hone their flying skills. Tracing them in the air, you can see how beautifully they freeze. Some time only stand still, and then a swift jump - and one of the birds rushes down. At this point, you can only see the movement of the wings of the pigeons. After a while one turns into a ball and sharply flies down. Then it repeats the second and third. After that, the birds continue their exercises. The beauty of this flight will not pass a single photo. Pigeons do not stand still: the flock continues the flight, after which the trick is repeated again and again.
Regular training is very important for these breeds. Only in this way can they sharpen their flying skills. An important role is played by proper selection of feed. Peas, wheat or corn are nutritious foods, but they do not fit well. Birds become too heavy. They need for the most part barley and oatmeal.
Variety of species
Interest in these birds among lovers and connoisseursso high that breeders brought out dozens of breeds of skaters. Pigeons are rated primarily for their skills. Many of them are high-flying, but this is not the main characteristic. The main thing is style and figurative characteristics.
Appearance in birds is quite unattractive, althoughsome kinds please with long "panties" on paws and tufts. A compact bird with a small head. Most often they are short-billed, but there are representatives with long beaks. Turmans are well developed muscles on the chest. The wings are long, the tail is wide. The cost of birds depends more on the individual characteristics and abilities of the individual. The difference can be significant. For example, a Kursk turman is sold for 500 rubles, but some individuals can cost 2500 rubles.
When the domestic pigeons tourmans soar into the sky -it's not just a sight, but a whole show. Up they soar up the post. And then begins a smooth spinning and acrobatic stunts. This representation looks especially good if there is a flock in the air, and not single birds. As already mentioned, they fly in groups. Therefore, experienced breeders always try to produce young birds with more experienced birds. In the sky, the real competition begins, with each pigeon trying to show his best somersault to others. So their skills are perfected and improved. Let's look at what kinds of turmans are today the most popular.
Orel white turman
There was a breed back in the XVIII century. Color of plumage is exceptionally white. These birds are short-billed, there is a small tuft on the back of the head. Light feathers and miniature physique give a special charm to these pigeons. Birds are quite difficult to breed. They are whimsical and need a quality and balanced diet. But in flight they are very good. If you spend enough time studying, then your pupils will be able to claim the winners of the competition and exhibitions. Remember that this will determine the status and value of the chicks.
The Tula Tourman
As you can see, the names of breeds very often coincidewith the cities where they were withdrawn. The Tula wild turman appeared 200 years ago and today is popular in his homeland. He has an interesting coloring: the body is dark red, and the wings and tail have white stripes. Especially spectacular in flight is a tail with a white ribbon, which dissolves like a fan. The flight is beautiful, the bird rises in circles and hovers at medium altitude. In order to keep flight characteristics, it is required to constantly release them into the sky. At the same time, if we compare the Oryol and Tula tumblers, then the second characteristics are better, because the first ones began to change in the direction of improving the decorative features.
The most popular breed in Russia
These are Kursk pigeons. What is characteristic, the crossing took place without the participation of breeders, in a natural way. Breeding and ribbon tourmans took part in creating the breed. These are large birds that can be seen with the naked eye. They have a broad chest with developed muscles and powerful wings. The tail is wide, has up to 18 tail feathers. Color of wings is black, wings are white. But if you are interested in flying characteristics, then you can be sure that Kursk pigeons are what you need.
Belleted handsome men
The most common are these birds in the centralRussia. Their name is due to a transverse white strip on the red background of the tail. Initially, these were Rzhev ribbon pigeons, which were more unimpressive. Breeders for years of work have managed to give the birdies modern shapes. This breed of all is the most adapted and viable. Despite this, the pigeon-breeder will have to try very hard to have his birds give offspring, and even more so to preserve it. The belt tumbler in most cases retains flight capabilities. If you want to watch fantastic tricks, then choose exactly these representatives of the species. And again I want to note that the best look is a flock, and not a single individual.
Characteristic features of the breed are a smalloblong body and various plumage. Dark red with a purple hue, gray or pie. They have a small, compact body, a head of a cubic form. Large dark or white eyes, short and dull beak. Neck and wings are long, the tail is slightly elevated, consists of 12 feathers. The limbs are short, non-arched. During the Great Patriotic War, the line practically disappeared, rare specimens were preserved only among individual rock lovers. Gray turmans were later restored.
Birds of aviary content
You need to know that all the turmans require attention andcareful care. It is best if the bird lives at home and constantly sharpens its flying skills. If you do not deal with them, then all the natural characteristics will gradually be lost. Black-pie turman first appeared at exhibitions and competitions in 1980. The magpie drawing of the plumage did not go unnoticed. The first standard was approved later, at the end of 1912. But today the pigeons are somewhat spoiled by an abundance of species, and many excellent representatives of black-and-white turmans are transferred to aviary content. As a result, pigeons almost forgot how to perform tricks. A virtuosic acrobatic flight is exactly what they are created for.
Originally from Ukraine
The Odessa breed is very old, to whichthe pigeons are cooled for a certain period. As a result of individuals capable of reproduction, it becomes less and less. And the thing is that most of the breeders were illiterate. Being guided by other popular breeds, they began to eradicate the natural ability of these birds to fly in a peculiar way. Of course, the breed suffered greatly from this. Today the situation is improving slightly. Breeders again began to revive the flying qualities of the "Odessites." In many magazines, their photos began to appear. The pigeon is of medium size, the trunk is conical, its head is flattened, like a snake. The posture of birds is proud, the wings are long. The legs are bare and dry. Plumage from them can be different. Flight characteristics largely depend on the quality of training, so do not rely on a good pedigree. If you do not arrange daily competitions in which several birds must necessarily participate, then the tourmakers may lose their qualities completely. If you are interested in these birds, then contact proven breeders to purchase birds with good data, with which you can continue to work.