The first tiny tooth in the baby's mouth looks likevery touching and very "grown-up." Parents are eagerly awaiting this important event, which is always preceded by sleepless nights, the whims of a child, and often the deterioration of his well-being - temperature, stool disorders, coughing, runny nose. What are the signs of teething in children, and how not to confuse them with a real disease?
Normally, the first teeth appear at the age ofhalf a year to eight months, most often a pair of lower central incisors. Then the two upper central teeth are cut, then the two lower lateral teeth, and the two lateral incisors complete the process from the top. Thus, eight milk teeth should appear by the year.
But this is the average statistical data.It happens that the teeth begin to appear and at four months, and it happens that a year in the mouth of the baby only a few teeth. To survive too because of the timing and priority is not worth it, because the process is affected by many factors: heredity, endocrine background of the organism, infectious diseases, individual developmental features. Of course, in the case of too early (up to 4 months) or too late (after a year) appearance of teeth, it is worthwhile to consult a pediatrician and conduct a survey in time to identify serious violations, if any.
Signs of teething in children
There are a number of signs that indicate only teething:
- The gums blush, swell, become painful. The outline of the tooth is viewed.
- Drooling starts to flow particularly intensively, can even lead to redness and irritation on the neck and chest of the baby.
- The child constantly pulls a fist or toys into his mouth, scratches his gum, actively bites.
There are also borderline signs of teething in children, which can testify not only about this natural process, but also about the presence of serious diseases.
- The child refuses the usual food, especially from cereals or vegetable mashed potatoes, which you need to eat from a spoon. This requires additional breastfeeding or a mixture from the bottle.
- The temperature rises, sometimes up to 39 degrees.
- Sleep becomes sensitive, short-lived, restless.
- There are digestive disorders: diarrhea or constipation. In some cases, both occur alternately.
- The child begins to cough, the rhinitis may begin.
The appearance of such signs is due to the fact thatteething is a very serious strain on the body, which makes immunity significantly weakened. But this is a short-term phenomenon, and if there are no serious diseases, then soon after the appearance of the next tooth, everything should come back to normal.
The reaction to the teeth in children can be very different, so carefully follow all the changes and do not try to write off any deviations only for this.
Behavior of the child with teething
Almost always the behavior is very different, becauseconstant itching, pain in the gums make the baby irritable and demanding. He can scream angrily for no apparent reason, become very tearful, nervous, start to sleep badly and restlessly. Here there is no question of moods, so try to take the child without restraint, calm, distract. For this period you need to stock up on extra patience, and soon everything will return to normal, the baby will again be calm and cheerful.
How to help your child
The main task is to relieve the unpleasant sensation ofin his mouth. Therefore, special rubber or latex toys filled with water will help. The child will actively gnaw them, facilitating the process of teething. Such a toy can be pre-cooled to increase the analgesic effect.
You can do gum massage with your finger orterry cloth. With gentle movements gently rub the painful patches in the baby's mouth. If this procedure is supplemented with special gels with an anesthetic effect, the child will become much easier, he will calm down and come in a good mood.
Do not self-assign seriousantipyretic or analgesics. If the signs of teething in children become serious, then be sure to contact the pediatrician so that he can assess the health condition and write out an adequate treatment.