Familiar to many a flower called an orchid more ofteneverything is pink, white, green, purple or yellow. The family of these plants is one of the most numerous in the world, numbering more than 25 thousand species. In the wild they live mainly on trees, which use them mainly as a support. This is what distinguishes these unique flowers. Black orchids, bred by skilled breeders, are quite unpretentious in their care. Important is the fact that they do not cause allergies when blooming.
How did the unusual flowers - black orchids?
Under this name, as a rule,a very dark, saturated shade (burgundy or purple). So laid nature that the pigment responsible for black color, the colors are completely absent. However, scientists from different countries did not stop working on breeding orchids of the right kind. As a result, Californian breeders managed to create the desired flowers. Black orchids as a species have been patented and presented to the public.
Types of black orchids
In the shops you can find several varieties of thisunique plant. And its shades will vary from dark blue to saturated burgundy. The most popular is Maxillaria schunkeana - a black orchid.
Flowers in the home: growing
Since this plant lives mainlyon trees or stones covered with moss, a loose substrate, poor in nutrients, should be used to grow it. The transplantation of orchids is best done after flowering. As a substrate, it is best to take sphagnum moss and pine bark. However, before you do the transplant, you need to properly treat the substrate. The bark needs to be crushed into small pieces and pour boiling water for fifteen minutes. After that, the water must be drained and the wood should be cooled. Moss should also be scalded with boiling water, and then squeezed and cooled. In order to less injure the roots of the plant during the transplantation, it must first be watered. In a new transparent pot, a mixture consisting of 1 part of moss and 6 parts of bark should be placed.
When transplanting, the plant is removed from the oldcontainers and gently remove the old substrate. If there are dark roots, they should be cut off by sprinkling the cutoff with chopped charcoal. The plant is placed in the center of a new pot and gently pricked with a substrate. If the flower is unstable, the thread can be tied to a wooden stick. From above it is recommended to put a layer of moss.
The plant feels comfortable in a dark placeor shadow. A large amount of light is harmful to him. Watering the orchid follows water at room temperature no more often than once a week. To feed the flower is recommended once a month with a special fertilizer in a concentration of ¼.