People who have practicality, good taste andnot wishing to save on their comfort, often choose parquet as a floor covering. After all, with proper care, it is very durable and has a beautiful appearance. Moreover, due to the manufacture of 100% natural material parquet has an absolute ecological compatibility.
But the correct laying of parquet requiresprofessionalism, and fulfill it to any person will not succeed. Everything changed when production of a parquet board began in the 90s. Now the wood floor looks like panels that close together, and can be stacked by anyone who knows how to use the tool and will follow the rules of laying. Further in the article, we will try to figure out how to properly lay the parquet board and what are the nuances when working with this material.
Description of the material
Let's start with a proper understanding of the parquet boardas one of the types of wooden flooring. In its structure it represents glued together wooden slats from different wood species, which are perpendicular to each other. This is done to increase the strength of the floor covering and give it resistance to temperature changes.
Parquet board usually consists of three layers of wood:
- Sanded and covered with several layers of varnish or oil. Usually it has a thickness of 4 mm and is made of valuable wood for aesthetics.
- It is considered to be basic and has a thickness of up to 9 mm.
- The third (1.5-3 mm) provides stabilityAll laths and together with the second layer is made of coniferous species. In recent years, plywood has appeared more often instead of the third layer to reduce the cost of coating.
Types of parquet board
Before laying a parquet board, you needDetermine the choice and know its variety. So, it differs on the upper layer of valuable wood species, which can number from one to three strips. Hence the parquet board can be single-side, two-way and three-way.
The top layer of a single-leafed parquet boardIt is a single piece and consists entirely of one cloth along its entire length. Since it is more difficult and expensive to produce such a layer, the board has the highest cost.
In a two-lane parquet board, the top layer consists of two strips of the same width, evenly spaced along the entire length. The cost of such a board is inferior to a one-band view.
The cheapest will be a three-lane view of a parquet board, the top layer of which also consists of valuable species of wood, but has three equally wide strips.
Advantages and disadvantages
The type of coverage described was designed with the aim ofcreating an alternative to parquet. There is no doubt that the parquet board consists exclusively of natural wood with all its advantages. It is sold absolutely ready for installation, as the material supplied for sale is a panel that is equipped with locks for easy installation and does not require additional processing.
The advantages of a parquet board includea lower susceptibility to a change in temperature conditions relative to the parquet, which in the warm season, due to the increase in humidity, often swells, and in winter due to the use of heating facilities, the premises begin to dry up and even crack. The construction of the parquet board allows it to bend and thus withstand deformation.
The cost of parquet board also winsparquet because of the use of a smaller amount of natural material for manufacturing. But the disadvantage is the significantly reduced service life (10-15 years) of this material. It is also noted that a parquet board can not replace the feeling of a warm tree while walking on the floor.
After choosing and purchasing a parquet boardthe most important stage of the preparation of the foundation comes in, as the parquet board is only allowed to be laid on a carefully prepared surface. It can be wooden or concrete, it is also used laying on logs or plywood. But all the expectations of the charms of a new comfortable sex will be groundless, unless rough work is done to prepare the grounds according to the following rules:
- The substrate must be perfectly even and strong.If the surface is strong, but has many minor differences, then self-leveling construction dry mixes are used. If the base has significant differences, it is necessary to perform a screed.
- Wood does not tolerate moisture, so the substrate must be dry and free of microorganisms (mold, fungus).
- Any cracks, rises or peelings are not allowed. Cracks are covered, detachments are cleaned and removed to an ideal level of the base, the lifts are removed and cleaned.
- The surface must be free of dirt and dust.
- The parquet board is laid exclusively onsubstrate. In its quality can be foamed polyethylene or pressed cork. In rooms with high humidity (toilet, bathroom, sauna, etc.), a polyethylene film of 0.2 mm with an overlap of 20 cm is additionally laid on the base.
- It is recommended to hold the parquet board in the room where it will be laid, for two weeks before laying.
It is also possible to lay a parquet board on the heated floor, but here there are some nuances.
Laying on a heated concrete floor
Parquet board is able to distribute evenlyincoming heat. Because the heated floors will be a good reason for it. But before laying a parquet board on a warm floor and during further operation it is important to perform several simple tasks:
- It is necessary to switch the floors 2/3 of their nominal capacity at least 2 weeks before the start of laying, and transfer it to the level of 18 ° С for a couple of days before laying.
- When using the floor it is important not to allow heating above 27 ° C, otherwise the temperature will have a detrimental effect on the surface - the floor is dried and the wood can give additional shrinkage.
- Changes in temperature throughout the day should remain within 5 ° C.
- Wood varieties of beech, maple and jatobathe strongest react to moisture and temperature changes, and therefore such breeds of parquet boards should be laid on both a heated concrete floor and in wet rooms is not recommended.
As already mentioned, in view of its naturalnessThe wood reacts strongly to the humidity level and the ambient temperature. The consequence is the process of swelling or shrinkage of the material, which must be taken into account during installation in order to prevent deformation of the floor.
For this, between the edges of the board and the wall, the pipe,door casing, etc., a compensation seam is left from 7 to 15 mm, which will not allow the board to abut against the wall when swelling. In the future, it is easily closed with skirting boards or thresholds.
To avoid the appearance of gaps betweenplinth and board in the winter season (when the floor dries), when choosing a skirting board, it should be provided that its width is one-third larger than the width of the expansion joint. Also, it should be ensured that after laying in this seam, cables or other objects that interfere with the fulfillment of its purpose do not fall.
Direction of laying
To determine how best to lay parquetThe board should be guided by the direction of the incident light in the room. If the room has an oblong shape, it is better to lay the board lengthwise. When laying on a wooden base, the mounting direction is determined by the transverse laying of the parquet board on the flooring boards.
How to lay a parquet board: technology
Laying should begin with the calculation of the number of rows,based on the width of the room. If the width of the last row is less than 4 cm, then the first row should be cut off. Since it is possible to lay the parquet board correctly only taking into account the compensation joint, its size should be taken into account when calculating the number of rows. Also, to observe the compensation seam from the boards of the first row of laying, cut ridges, which are provided for fastening with other boards.
Speaking about the technology of laying, it is worth noting thatfor its implementation does not require professional knowledge of the builder. Of course, having experience of such works, with the installation of the floor from the parquet board, you can cope much more quickly, but the lack of experience will not become an obstacle. So, now we'll figure out how to lay the parquet board yourself:
- First, along the walls where the laying is done, wedges are exposed, which will withstand the gap between the boards and the wall. They can be bought or cut in the right size from the same parquet board.
- Start laying better left to right, from solidwalls, putting the first board with a cut-off comb to the wall in the corner. After that, the first row is laid, placing the short side of the other board on the first short side of the board. The latter should stand at an angle to the first and rest against its thorn in the groove of the first. Gently squeezing, the second board is lowered, and its spike falls into the groove, forming a lock between the two boards.
- In the same way, the firstseries. If the lock latches with difficulty, then a slight rocking of the board during lowering is allowed. But you need to do this carefully and without harm to the castle as a whole.
- The last row of the row is cut with a saw or a bulgarian, taking into account the compensation seam and is placed in the next row.
- Next, the second row is formed, and its longitudinalThe spikes are gradually inserted into the grooves of the first. In places where locks latched loosely, it is allowed to tamper with a rubber hammer. To do this, a small wooden bar is attached to the opposite side of the board, and it is gently pounded with a hammer until the lock is fully closed.
- Cross joints between boards in both rows should not coincide. It should be ensured that they are at a distance of at least 30 cm from each other. This happens until the end of the room.
Ways of laying a parquet board
Another significant difference between the parquet board and thean array or a piece of parquet is a variety of ways of laying it. Such opportunities contribute to a wider use of parquet boards as an alternative to parquet flooring. Depending on the basis for laying, there are 3 main ways of laying a parquet board:
- On the lag.
It should be noted right away that this method is analogousthe method of laying the laminate and is the simplest and least expensive. The boards are placed on a special substrate and do not attach to the base. But due to the deformation of the substrate or the imperfection of the base, deflections of the parquet board will be formed in one way or another. It is thanks to them that the board laid by this method is not subject to restoration without complete dismantling.
In the case of installing a large amount of furniture or other heavy objects, this way of laying is not recommended, since crevices can be formed between the joins of the boards.
Adhesive way of laying
Applicable in the case where it is absolutely necessarya solid floor base or when stacked in large areas. When using this method, nothing will be better, how to lay a parquet board on plywood, preferably moisture resistant. To do this, glue is applied to the absolutely flat surface and the plywood is staggered in sheets up to 80 cm. Between them, small gaps are left from 3 to 6 mm, so that the material "breathes" and there is no deformation when the temperature changes. Further plywood is screwed with dowels and screws to the base. Now you can put a parquet board, but only after 2-3 days after the glue has completely dried.
The board is mounted on the plywood with the help ofpolyurethane adhesive. Lay the parquet board on both the glue and the base without it is equally simple. This process easily fits into the common stacking technology. The main thing - do not allow the glue to dry out and immediately remove its remnants from the seams.
Laying on logs
This method allows you to quickly and reliablyarrange a base for a parquet board. With a flat surface, the lugs are fixed to the floor at a distance of up to 900 mm. If the base is uneven, then the bars are screwed into the logs, which are adjusted by the bolts in height.
On the logs the base for the parquet board is laid to distribute the load. It can be made of fiberboard, chipboard or special large-sized parquet boards.
There are also options for the direct laying of the parquet board on the logs. Then the process is carried out according to the common technology.
How to lay a parquet board on a wooden floor
The complexity of this work consists in the absenceimpeccable fixing of the wooden floor to the base, resulting in kinks, creaks, gaps, etc. You can fight with this using a rough putty mixed with sawdust. This mixture clogs all the gaps, joints and junctions. After that, grinding the base with special equipment.
Plywood is often used to smooth out any irregularities and remove gaps fixed to the floor by screws. Laying of the parquet board is done glueing.
Existing methods of laying a parquet boardallow it to be used practically in any conditions, and in appearance it is not inferior to the parquet. At the same time, the costs will be much less than the cost of parquet, especially if you lay the parquet board yourself.