Dymkovo toy is a Russian folkcraft for making toys of red clay with further baking in the oven at high temperature and painting with bright colors. In this article, we'll look at how the Dymkovo toy is made by our own hands.
Dough for crafts
Of course, this process is very exciting asfor adults, and for children. At home, it is not necessary to use clay. It can be replaced by a salt test. It is very plastic and perfectly suited for various crafts, in particular, a Dymkovo toy can be made from it by hand. To prepare the dough, we need one glass of high grade flour and the same amount of fine salt. In this mixture, we add half a glass of cold water, and for greater softness, you can add a tablespoon of PVA glue. We carefully mix all the ingredients and, as a result, get a mass, in consistency very similar to plasticine. All! The dough is ready.
Master class: toys from the dough
Now we proceed to the most interesting - to modelingtoys. The most common subjects are ladies, birds, horses, sheep, roosters, buffoons. In order for the Dymkovo toy, molded by its own hands, not to be too heavy, we will make the basis of ordinary foil. If you fold the foil into several layers and twist it into a cone, then we get a skirt for the lady. In the same way you can make a body for animals and other large elements of the toy. It should be taken into account that if you want to fashion a whistling toy or hollow inside the product, then you do not need to use foil. Divide the dough into small balls and blend from them what you need. From a larger ball, make a head for a toy. Now that all the basic details are ready, they need to be combined together. For this, attach the parts to the water, gently press against each other and level the edges with a thin object. The main work has been done.
So, after the large toy basewe proceed to make small details and decorate the product. For example, a toy-lady is distinguished by her beautiful outfit. For the hem of the dress and sleeves, you can fashion frills. It is also necessary to make a magnificent collar and kokoshnik. For the rooster must have a magnificent tail, and a ram can hang a bell. With the help of sharp tools, make a beautiful ornament on the surface of the craft. Dymkovo toy, made by own hands, will acquire volume. Show your imagination and make your product from the dough unique and unrepeatable.
After molding is finished, a toymust be dried. This can be done in two ways: in natural conditions and in the oven. In natural conditions, it takes 3-4 days for the product to dry completely. Do not dry the handicraft on the battery, as this can disrupt the natural drying process, and the product may crack or deform. It is best to leave it in a well-ventilated room or in the fresh air, after placing it on a flat wooden or plastic surface. Do not leave the finished product exposed to direct sunlight. Dry the toy in the oven in two ways:
1.Preheat the oven to 60-80 degrees. Put the product on a heat-resistant surface (for example, a pan) and leave the toy to dry. On average, this takes about an hour, but the total time depends on the volume of the product: the larger the toy, the more time it will take to dry. For best results, leave the oven door slightly ajar.
2.The toy should be put on a heat resistant surface and put in a cold oven. Preheat the oven to 150 degrees, let the product dry. Then turn off the oven and leave the workpiece to cool down inside.
Be sure to follow the drying process. The Dymkovo toy should be light brown after baking and hard to the touch.
Now it's time to give the toy hercharacteristic features. At the stage of coloring the product, it is important to take into account the motives, the distinctive features by which it is later possible to accurately determine that it is a Dymkovo toy (the pattern of the applied drawings is given in this article). In the mural traditionally used various ornaments (circles, rhombuses, lines), flowers, leaves. Dymkovo toy, staged, always bright and beautiful. Contrasting colors (red, green), standing side by side and underlined by a white background, give more saturation. For painting, you can use different colors: watercolor, gouache, acrylic. The most convenient are acrylic paints, as they quickly dry, dilute with water and are not smeared afterwards. If you use glossy acrylic dyes, then the product will turn out to be brilliant, and it will not need to be varnished. As a rule, at first the toy must be completely covered with white color. This is the basis, "canvas" for painting. Then select 5-8 basic bright colors (for example: red, green, blue, crimson, yellow, orange, brown). Preliminarily, you can draw a small pencil small details of the ornament. For painting, use a thick brush for large parts and a small brush for small items. Finally, allow the product to dry thoroughly. If desired, you can cover the toy with varnish. This will protect it from external influences. If you used gouache in the painting, then it is necessary to cover the items with varnish, as gouache can easily be smeared.
Fantasize and enjoy the work.This master class toy toys from the dough in detail describes the entire manufacturing process. Following the above recommendations, you fashion colorful products that will perfectly serve as gifts to loved ones.