The number of words, without which it is difficult to imagine a literate, logically properly constructed speech, include pronouns.
A pronoun - what is this?
The peculiarity of pronouns is that they are usedin sentences for the replacement of independent (nominal) parts of speech: nouns, adjectives, numerals, and sometimes adverbs. By grammatical meaning, morphological and syntactic features all pronouns are divided into several categories. The determining pronoun helps clarify the object or feature in the sentence or context. An example of its use: "Each from cups their features and stood on his place ". Or "Vladimir decided that all will make himself".
What are the attributive pronouns?
The list of determining pronouns is small: this is the use in various forms of well-known words Everyone, every, most, himself, another, another, all, any. To this category are also rarely used all manner of and obsolete every. They will help to concretize the meaning that each named determative pronoun denotes, examples.
- «Any (every) the apple was selective "- with the help of these pronouns (they are interchangeable) one item from a number of similar ones stands out.
- «All the guests seemed very surprised "- the speech in the proposal is about the totality of persons considered as something indivisible.
- "Arkady came to the station himself"- this pronoun refers to the person who performs the action.
- "Take this another (another) book "- that is, different from the given one.
Although sometimes listed pronouns may have other meanings. For example:
- Take in the road any (ie, whatever) journal - it will help time pass.
- Everyone a person (a generalizing shade) needs family and care.
- It turned out himself (amplifying value) Bekhterev.
In addition, sentences with pronoun pronouns can include words most or the whole, often used to form a superlative adjective and adverb:
- "Her dress was most elegant. "
- "In the new suit, he looked more respectable of all gathered ".
It must be remembered that words most and himself are different, although their forms change with case: most journal of that itself magazine, saw himself - had seen itself. And in the first case, the first syllable will be the shock, and in the second - the last.
Pronouns or adverbs?
In linguistics, the question of such words as always, everywhere, everywhere and under. Some linguists classify them as adverbs, while others identify them in a group of definitive pronouns. Example: "Everywhere there were traces of recent robbery. "
Therefore, one must bear in mind that in textbooksRussian language of different authors, the approach to dividing pronouns into categories can differ. This must be taken into account when performing tasks related to the definition of a part of speech in a sentence or context.
Grammatical signs of pronouns
They are determined by what independent part of speech is replaced in each particular case by a pronoun.
The general grammatical meaning, as already noted above, is to define one object or attribute among others.
Presence of number forms (herself) and genus (all-all, every-every), change by case (everyone, everyone, about every) - such morphological signs usually have definitive pronouns.
6th grade - it is during this period that students learnpronoun as part of speech - introduces and their syntactic function. Since the defining pronouns are most often associated with adjectives, in the sentence they are, as a rule, definitions, and consistent:
- «Every minute in the world a new little man is born. "
Less often it is a question of cases where the pronoun acts as a noun or a personal pronoun - a subject or a complement:
- «Other would be in his place long ago all understood "- the subject and the complement.
Proverbs and phraseological units with definitive pronouns
The ability of these pronouns to generalize was the reason that they can often be found in proverbs and sayings. For example, "Everyone Kulik praises his marsh. " Or "To each its own side is sweet. "
Pronouns are often included in stable combinations. Here are the most common expressions: on each step, on of all sails, in all eyes, any creatures for a couple and others. Many of them have a very interesting history.
Thus, the expression "shout at the entire Ivanovskaya "originates from the time of tsarism,when the heralds went to Ivanovskaya Square, which is near the bell tower of Ivan the Great, and the decrees of the tsar loudly echoed, that is, shouted. The significance of the key pronoun (examples of the use of this phraseology confirm this): the voice was so loud that it was heard anywhere in the square. Hence "screaming (shouting) in the whole of Ivanovo" - very loudly, so that everyone hears.
Thus, the determinative pronouns -a very interesting part of the speech, which allows you to express your thoughts briefly and without further ado, and emphasize the semantic component of the sentence or the whole text.