And again we have a Russian classics - Leskov,"The man on the watch" (the summary follows further). The work was written and published in 1887, but its name sounded differently - "Salvation of the Perished". Subsequently, the author changed the title in order to show the reader that the story told is not just an entertaining, somewhere even curious case from everyday life, which can be forgotten in time, but a deep question about what is a person's duty, and for whom or what it is necessary to execute, and can, and at all it is not necessary ...
Summary: "Man on the clock" N. Leskova.
It was 1839th. Winter that year was warm. The snow gradually melted, during the day drops could be heard, and the ice on the Neva became quite thin.
Guard in the Winter Palace, where the Tsar Nikolai livedPavlovich, was occupied by a company of "Izmaylovites" under the command of Miller. The time was quiet, serene, so it was not difficult to carry the patrol. The only thing that it was required to perform scrupulously was to stand on the post.
There was a quiet quiet night. The palace fell asleep.The guards are stationed. But suddenly the silence was broken by the distant cry of a man drowning in the river. What to do? A simple Postnikov soldier did not dare leave his post. This was a terrible violation of the Charter, and was threatened with serious punishment until the execution. But the groans did not cease, and they led the sentry into a stupor. He was a sensitive person, and he could not help but give a helping hand to the sufferer, but at the same time, the reasoning arguments spoke of the opposite: he is a soldier and his duty is to completely obey the order. But the groans from the side of the river swam nearer and nearer, there was already heard desperate floundering of the perishing. Postnikov once again turned around - not a soul around, could not stand it and left his post.
The summary of "The man on the clock" does not end there. The rescued and the savior were completely wet.Here as it is impossible by the way on the quay an officer passed by. Hardly having explained what had happened, Plotnikov handed over nothing that did not understand the victim into the hands of the master, took his gun and quickly went back to the booth.
The officer, having realized that the rescued person is frighteneddoes not remember anything and does not understand, decided to take him to the bailiff and say that he saved a drowning man with a risk to his life. The policemen made a report, but with the usual suspicion they were surprised how the officer himself had dried out of the water.
Duty or honor?
Continuing the summary of "Man on the clock,back to the main character: the wet, trembling Postnikov was replaced from the post, and assigned to Commander Miller. There he confessed everything, and in the end added that the officer had taken the rescued person to the Admiralty section. Nikolai Ivanovich Miller realized that a terrible problem was looming over him: the officer would tell the details of the night incident to the bailiff, and the bailiff would immediately report the incident to Chief Police Officer Kokoshkin, and the latter, in turn, would bring to the attention of the Tsar, and there would be a "fever", and will fly "heads" of those who committed violations of the Charter.
Long time to argue was once, and he sentan alarm note to Lieutenant-Colonel Svinin ... The battalion commander was in despair. The only thing he could do in this situation was to immediately put Postnikov in the punishment cell, and go on a nod to General Kokoshkin.
But the Chief Police Officer did not know anything.The bailiff decided not to disturb the general. The incident was common, and besides, it was unpleasant for him that a policeman from his unit pulled out a drowned man, but a palace officer.
Kokoshkin was flattered by the fact that Svinin came foradvice to him, and decided to help him. He took advantage of the braggart officer's bragging, handed him the medal, and the case was closed. But what to do with Postnikov? They decided to punish him not with one hundred rods to "protect himself just in case later".
When the verdict was carried out, Piggyinvisited the soldier in the infirmary, and ordered him to bring him some sugar and tea. The compassionate sentry was glad, because sitting under arrest for three days, he expected much worse ...
Summary of "Man on the clock": conclusion
At the end of the story, the author discussesjustice of God and earthly. The soul of a simple soldier Postnikov is humble. Before him was a difficult choice, which of the confused "hierarchy" of debts must be fulfilled first: the duty of a soldier or the debt of a person? He chose the latter, and did good for the sake of good, without waiting for any reward. But Leskov regrets that the justice of the earth is on the opposite shore from God's sight, and that he lacks the faith to accept in this case the joy of God from "the behavior of Postnikov's meek soul ...". The summary of "Man on the clock" (Leskov NS), of course, can not convey the entire subtlety and depth of the plot, so it is strongly recommended that you read the original.