In the capital of the Russian Federation, not so muchInfrastructure objects whose names are associated with the capitals of other states. But they are, and an example of this is the station "Roman". Metro in Moscow, in addition to it, has three more stations with similar names - "Prague", "Riga" and "Alma-Ata". While nothing is known about whether there will ever be such items anymore, or the tradition will not receive a continuation ...
Moscow metro map: "Roman" at the Rogozhskaya outpost
The metro station "Roman" Lublin-DmitrovskayaThe line took the first passengers two days before the new year 1996. It is located between the stops "Krestyanskaya Zastava" and "Chkalovskaya" and is a transition to the "Lenin Square" Kalinin line. Often you have to hear questions about what was caused by the choice of such, not quite traditional toponym - "Roman"? Metro "Rogozhskaya Zastava" - by the name of the historical district of Moscow, where it is located - would be much more appropriate. By the way, this is how the future station was designated in the project documentation. But the priority was the political desire of Moscow Mayor Yuri Luzhkov to make a noble gesture toward a friendly country. So in Moscow there was a station "Roman". Metro station in Rome, the station "Moscow" does not have, but there is evidence that such an object there will soon appear. As a reciprocal gesture. It will be called "Moscow", and it will be located not anywhere, but in the heart of the Italian capital, not far from the Vatican.
By its constructive decision "Roman"is a column triple-vaulting station of deep occurrence. It would be surprising if the architectural solution of this object did not contain in itself any elements that make one recall the ancient classics and the imperial grandeur of ancient Rome. That is why the predominant finishing material of interior design is chosen marble light color palette. It can be seen on columns and pilasters, evenly distributed throughout the space of the main hall. The floor covering is recruited from alternating granite slabs of gray, black and reddish shades.
The station was decorated with handsItalian designers for the interiors of Cuatrocci and Imbrigi. This circumstance makes even more justified its name - "Roman". Metro in Moscow is filled with a significant number of unique works of art and other artifacts. These include unique interior solutions, sculptures, mosaic panels. But the fountain in the underground Moscow exists only in one copy, and you can see it at the metro station "Rimskaya". And besides the fountain, there is also a sculptural composition with capitals of the columns. Her main characters are the babies Romulus and Remus, who are considered the founders of Rome. The author of the work is the sculptor L. Berlin. This sculptural composition looks very specific in the Moscow metro.
Metro station "Roman": exits to the city
In the northern part of the main hall there is a passageto the station "Ploshchad Ilyich" of the Kalininskaya line. Exit to the city is carried out from the opposite side. The escalator delivers passengers to the ground vestibule, the exit from which leads on the highway Enthusiasts, the street Rabochaya and the International, as well as the Rogozhskaya outpost and the railway platform "Hammer and Sickle" of the Gorky direction. In the immediate vicinity there is also the platform "Moscow-Commodity" of the Kursk direction. The modern area of the historic Rogozhskaya outpost is a pretty lively place. Here many administrative and commercial structures, business centers and supermarkets, offices of notary's offices and law firms are concentrated.
By coincidence of historical circumstances, the "Roman"the metro station of the Lublin-Dmitrovskaya line was located in the very center of the old Moscow district, which was formed in the Middle Ages. It was called Rogozhka, or Rogozhskaya Sloboda, and was known as a traditional place of residence of Russian Old Believers. But today, here mostly reminds them of the Rogozhskoe cemetery with the church, where the service is conducted according to the canons of the old rite. Of course, the most important historical attraction of this area is the Spaso-Andronicus monastery located here. It was founded in the middle of the fourteenth century and is named after one of the closest associates and followers of Sergius of Radonezh, hegumen Andronicus. Among other things, the monastery is known as the place of detention of the head of the Russian split of Archpriest Avvakum. Spassky Cathedral of Andronikov Monastery is one of the oldest religious buildings on the territory of Moscow. In the neighborhood of the Rogozhskaya Sloboda there is the equally famous Moscow district of Lefortovo. People from Germany and other European countries settled here traditionally.