West of the center of Moscow is a gentle hill.It is located between two rivers, called Filka and Setun. This is the Poklonnaya Gora. Once it was away from Moscow, from its top was a panorama of the whole city, as well as its surroundings. The travelers stayed here quite often. They admired Moscow and worshiped its churches. Hence the name of the mountain.
Today Poklonnaya Hill in Moscow ismemorial park, perpetuating the memory of those who died in the Great Patriotic War. It is considered one of the main sights of the capital. Its location is between Minskaya Street and Kutuzovsky Prospekt.
Poklonnaya Hill in Moscow is a popular holiday destination, while not only residents but also guests of the capital are fond of it.
Poklonnaya Hill in Moscow for the first time mentioned inannals dating back to the 16th century. This hill is located on the Smolensk road. In 1812, at the indicated place, Napoleon was waiting for the moment when he would receive the keys to the city. On the Smolensk road during the war with the German invaders soldiers went to the front.
The idea of creating a memorial appeared in 1942.Poklonnaya Gora was chosen as a suitable place (photo "Moscow, Victory Park" see below). However, it was very difficult to carry out the plans during the period of hostilities and in the first post-war years.
Only in 1958on the hill appeared a commemorative sign with the inscription that on the indicated place there will be a monument of Victory. Then the park was laid. It was called Victory Park. Part of the funds required for the construction of the ensemble was collected as a result of the subbotniks. Missing money was allocated by the state and the government of the capital. The opening of the memorial complex on Poklonnaya Hill took place on 9.05.1995. It marked the fiftieth anniversary of the victory over fascism.
Buildings and monuments
Poklonnaya Hill in Moscow nowis a memorial complex, spread over an area of one hundred and thirty-five hectares. It also houses the Victory Monument and the Museum of the Great Patriotic War, as well as three churches that were built in memory of those killed in the period from 1941 to 1945.
Victory Park is also decorated with such monuments:
- "Defenders of the Russian land," the sculptor of which was A. Bichugov.
- "To all the fallen", is made by the sculptor V. Znoba.
Another landmark building on Poklonnaya Hillbecame the Eternal Flame. It was lit on the eve of the sixty-fifth anniversary of the victory of the Soviet people over fascist Germany. The grand opening was held on 30.04.2010. A torch with a flame that was lit from the Eternal Flame, located at the Kremlin wall, was solemnly delivered on an armored vehicle accompanied by an escort of motorcyclists.
Between the Central Museum of the Great Patriotic War and Victory Squareis the main alley, bearing the name "Years of War". It includes five terraces, which symbolize 5 war years. Above the water surfaces, which are also five, 1418 fountains were built. Each of them symbolizes one day of war.
The area of the Winners in the form of a semicircle is framed by another group of fountains. Its purpose is to symbolize the joy of the victorious people.
Poklonnaya Hill is a place of tolerance.There are three churches in the neighborhood, belonging to different denominations. This is the Memorial Mosque, the Temple of Remembrance and the Church of St. George the Victorious. In 2003 on the Poklonnaya Hill the opening of the chapel took place.
It was erected in memory of those killed in the yearsGreat Patriotic War Spanish volunteers. Soon it is planned to erect an Armenian chapel, a Buddhist stupa and a Catholic church on Poklonnaya Hill.
This structure appeared on Poklonnaya Hill in 1997Its erection was timed to celebrate the 850th anniversary of Moscow. In the mosque there are madrassas and the community. The architecture of the building combines features of various Muslim schools.
Temple of Remembrance in Victory Park
The memorial synagogue, which was opened in1998, is the only museum of Jewish history in Russia. The Temple of Memory offers its visitors an extensive exposition. Her materials introduce the history of Jews since their settlement in Russia. The exposition reflects the contribution of this people to the culture of the country, its participation in economic development and the protection of borders in tsarist times. The materials exhibited in the Temple of Remembrance also concern the tragic pages of the history of the Jews, when before the October Revolution there were more than four hundred different provisions and laws restricting labor, rights, education, culture and observance of the religious traditions of this people. The main part of the exposition tells visitors about the Holocaust and the struggle of the Jewish people on the fronts of the war with the German invaders and in partisan detachments.
Church of St. George the Victorious
This structure was laid in 1993 by Alexis II - His Holiness Patriarch. In May 1995 the church was consecrated.
The architect of this structure is A.Polyansky, the authors of bas-reliefs made of bronze, Z. Tsereteli and Z. Anjaparidze. The iconostasis was painted by A. Chashkin, and the mosaic icons are the work of E. Klyucharev. In the primordially Russian style of the building, some elements of modernism were added.
On the Pobediteley Square the Central Museum was builtSecond World War. It was established in 1986. At the same time, a provision was promulgated establishing its dominant status over all the museums of the military historical profile of the USSR, and the main lines of activity in the field of scientific work were identified.
In 1992Six dioramas, halls of glory, memory, historical exposition were included in the museum. There is an art gallery and a cinema hall, where you can see a documentary chronicle. There is in this building a room intended for meetings of veterans.
Travelers are eager to visit one of thethe main attractions of Russia, which is Poklonnaya Hill in Moscow. The museum on Victory Square keeps an invaluable relic - the Banner of Victory. It was erected in Berlin over the Reichstag building on April 30, 1944. There are paintings and artworks, sculptures and posters, as well as graphics of the war times. Library collections of the museum store more than fifty thousand publications, including very rare books.
On the open area there is an exhibition of combat military equipment, not only domestic, but also foreign. Here you can see the fortifications of the war.
Rest on Poklonnaya Hill
If you bypass the building of the museum of the Great Patriotic War, you will seethe second half of Victory Park. Here you can perfectly relax from the numerous visitors and traffic noise. Entertainment for the soul is found here, both children and adults. People like to come here with their whole family to visit various attractions and ride on a swing. In summer you can sit in a cafe, rent roller skates or bicycle.
How to get to this landmark,which is rightfully proud of Moscow? Poklonnaya Hill (the metro can quite take you here, you need to get off at the station "Victory Park") allows you to reach it in various ways. There are also buses on routes Nos. 157 and 205. The stop is called "Poklonnaya Gora". You can reach the Victory Park by train in the Kiev direction of the railway to the station "Moscow-Sortirovochnaya". If you go by car, then you should move along the odd side of Kutuzovsky Prospekt to the site located between the streets of Minsk and General Yermolov.