Information about the energy value of productswhen preparing dietary nutrition is extremely important. People, striving for perfect forms, are forced to count the calories consumed. And how pleasant it is to realize, when delicious food in addition to incredible benefits delivers to the human body a reasonable amount of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Eaten for dessert black currant, the calorie content of which is 100 grams is 40 kcal, will be an excellent alternative to cream cake, deftly able to leave on the stomach and hips an unbearable fat.
History with geography
A perennial shrub with red berries,black, white and other flowers was grown in Russia since the 11th century. The first mention of the plant, which can favorably affect human health, was noted in the 15th century medical institutions.
Cultivated modern varieties of black currantoriginated from the Siberian and European subspecies. The European category of shrubs is found in the western part of the countries of the former USSR (the exception is Crimea) and grows on the outskirts of bogs, rivers, streams.
In Central Asia, in the mountains of Siberia and Altaithe Siberian subspecies of black sweet and sour berries is widespread. Fruits of wild Siberian currant can reach a diameter of 2.5 cm. Bushes of such subspecies are resistant to colds, diseases and lack of moisture.
Low calorie black currant fresh and heruseful properties have prompted breeders to grow cultural varieties massively. Hybrids of European and Siberian varieties of currants have a good hereditary base and are more tenacious. Today, culture can be found on every site of amateur gardeners.
Calorie black currant with eachstigram snack delivers 40 kcal of energy, 200 mg of vitamin C and other useful macro- and microelements to the human body. And the source of the content of ascorbic acid is not only berries, but also leaves of the bush.
The leader in the content of potassium - a banana - yields to the black currant in this element in half. Superiority in vitamin E berry is second only to cloudberry, aronia and hips.
Black berries contain: a small amount of vitamins B2, AT6, AT1, PP; folic and pantothenic acids.Of the above, only pantothenic acid is in the amount (0.4 mg), which can favorably affect the vitamin balance of a person. According to this indicator, the currant is ahead of its red counterparts - raspberries, strawberries, sea-buckthorn.
From microelements the plant contains: iron, zinc, manganese, iodine, copper, fluorine. Fructose predominates from sugars.
The macronutrients: magnesium, calcium, sodium, phosphorus - also contains black currant. Caloric content of berries in pure form is 40 kcal / 100 grams, of which:
- proteins - 1 gram;
- carbohydrates - 7.3 grams;
- fats - 0.4 grams;
- water - 84 grams;
- monosaccharides and disaccharides - 7.3 grams;
- food fibers - 4.8 grams.
In addition to the unique taste of black currant withits regular use in food can have potential health consequences: to contribute to the fight against aging, cancer, neuralgic diseases and inflammatory processes.
Juice from berries is recommended to drink with reduced acidity of the stomach, and honey added to the drink helps with diseases of the bronchi and mucous membranes of the larynx.
In addition to the fruit of the bush, a person uses andleaves. In folk remedies and herbal preparations for the treatment of hypertension, kidney disease, urolithiasis and giving toning properties of the drink apply the leaves of black currant.
The taste of berries did not go unnoticed in the preparation of dishes. Compotes, jams, jellies, sauces, fillings for baking are dishes that can be made from black sweet and sour fruit of a bush.
Ideal topping for cocktails, ice cream andyogurt is a black currant, the caloric content per 100 grams of such desserts does not exceed 100 kcal, which is very important to know people caring about the slenderness of the figure.
By its chemical composition, currant berriescontain potassium, which promotes blood coagulability. Therefore, it is not recommended to consume large amounts of plant fruits to people who are prone to inflammation of the veins and the formation of blood clots.
There are cases of individual intolerancecontained in the berries of essential oils. Presence of acids in the plant should alarm before eating black currant people suffering from stomach ulcers and high acidity.
Ban in the US
Dietary berry - black currant,the calorie content of which is not capable of damaging the figure, has been more than 100 years in disfavor with the US government. European imports of pine in the States delivered to the forest industry a disease of pine trees. American phytopathologists made, as it turned out later, erroneous conclusions that between pine trees this disease is not transmitted, namely black currant is a carrier of harmful fungus.
The agricultural ban on berries was introduced in 1911. Thanks to activist and farmer Quinn, cultivation of black currant in 2003 was put on a commercial stream.
Low-calorie storage methods
The small calorie content of the black currant and its taste qualities make the housewives stock up with berries in the summer time to treat themselves and their relatives with tasty, low-fat desserts in the winter.
The simplest method of preserving useful propertiesthe fruit is considered to be frost. No thermal processing of the product and cans is required, it is sufficient to rinse, dry the berries and pack them on clean bags with further location in the freezer. The advantage of this method of harvesting in its energy value. The caloric content of the frozen black currant does not differ from fresh and remains at low positions.
A popular method of storing berries isgrandmother's method with the addition of sugar, but the energy value of such a self-sufficient dessert increases, and it is not recommended for use by diabetics.
Currant with sugar
Prescriptions of conservation of berries with sugar a lot - fromjam until a simple grind. To preserve the vitamins and natural properties of the fruit, the best option is to refuse sterilization and store the crushed berries with sugar in the refrigerator. In a ratio of one to two, mixed ground currant with sugar and poured into sterile jars, which are stored in the refrigerator.
Black currant with sugar has a caloric contentalready quite different - 284 kcal (and this is 100 g). Adding such a vitamin bomb to warm tea or milk helps in the fight against many seasonal diseases. Children love sweetened berries, and their nutritional value does not bother them at all. Therefore, it is necessary to have in the bins both frozen and ground fruits of a black beauty.
For slimming people an indispensable delicacy is served by a fresh, fragrant black currant, the caloric content of which allows you to use the product without limiting yourself in quantity.