It is sometimes called the "second heart" of a man,however, most members of the stronger sex hardly remember this organ until the prostate itself reminds itself. But as soon as this happens, the prostate immediately becomes the object of increased attention from its owner. We can assume that the basis for this attitude to the prostate gland is a kind of superstitious fear: do not think about the bad that it does not come. And to think, meanwhile, should be. Only not about the bad, not about the men's power threat in particular and health in general, but about how to prevent the diseases of such an important organ.
Prostate gland, in shape resemblingchestnut, is located just below the bladder. Its dimensions are small - about 4x3x2, and weight in the region of 20 grams. It covers the lower part of it, borders on the urethra and rectum, and the urethra and the vas deferens pass through it. It is in it that the sperm base is formed - the secret of the prostate gland, which contains enzymes that increase the mobility of spermatozoa and increase their ability to fertilize. But this participation of the prostate in the sexual aspect is not limited. It covers the ureter when an erection occurs, and at the expense of its permeated system provides a sense of pleasure at the time of orgasm.
Such an "ally" is hidden inside the malebody, but, sadly, the prostate gland, like any other organ, is prone to disease. The most common are inflammatory processes called prostatitis, and benign hyperplasia, better known as prostate adenoma.
Prostatitis often manifests itself in young and middleage. This inflammatory process can be provoked as an infection that usually penetrates the urethra, and non-infectious causes. Among the latter - frequent constipation, overactive sex life, or, on the contrary, long breaks, intense masturbation. Symptoms typical for prostatitis are discomfort in the lower abdomen, inguinal area and scrotum, heat and soreness with urination and frequent desires, decreased erection and accelerated ejaculation.
Adenoma is more common in men,"Exchanged" the sixth dozen. It is a tumor, but it is benign, usually due to a hormonal imbalance, due to which the normal connection between the glands of internal secretion is broken. The tumor enlarges the prostate, and it closes the urethra, because of which the urine comes out with a weak trickle and not all, the urge is felt more often. A true sign is night visits to the toilet.
However, the prostate gland is susceptible andmalignant formations. Their exact nature is not established, but the probability of influence of hereditary and hormonal factors is high. Prostate cancer in the early stages manifests itself in the same way as adenoma, and when the disease progresses, blood contaminants in the urine can be detected, symptoms of intoxication and asthenia may appear.
For the diagnosis of all listed diseasessimilar methods are used - finger rectal and ultrasound studies are performed, an analysis of the secretion of the prostate gland is taken, if necessary - biopsy, computed tomography.
Prevention of diseases of the "second heart" is notrequires from the men some special efforts and tricks. Active way of life and rejection of bad habits, as it were ordinary and "worn out" this may sound, is a guarantee of health in this case. In addition, it is necessary to detect and treat various inflammations in time, periodically to be examined by a doctor and not to consider a urologist a "shameful" doctor. Unfortunately, no one has yet come up with an effective way of guaranteeing salvage from cancer, but the risk can be reduced by limiting the consumption of fats and leaning on plant foods, especially on antioxidant-rich tomatoes, watermelons and grapefruits.